Dental Poster Journal

Dental Poster Journal (2014), Vol 3, No.4, July - August Issue

1. Poster

SECONDHAND SMOKE

Barnali Majumdar, Roopa S. Rao, Shankargouda Patil

Year:2014 | Month:July - August | Volume:3 | Number:4 | Pages No:92 | No. of Hits: 1145


Secondhand smoke (SHS) or environmental tobacco smoke refers to the passive inhalation of smoke generated by consumption of various smoked forms of tobacco. The active and passive smoke both almost have similar compositioncontaining over 4000 chemicals, most of them being chemical irritants and carcinogens. Recent scientific research suggests association between various prenatal and postnatal health issues and SHS exposure. Low birth weight and decreased in-utero brain growth are two major proposed effects of prenatal tobacco smoke exposure on child neurodevelopment. Additionally both prenatal and postnatal exposure is remarkably consistent in showing associations with increased incidences of behavioural problems, including irritability, oppositional defiant behaviour, conduct disorders and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Also exposure to secondhand smoke in infants and children is known to cause sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), acute lower respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia, increase in frequency and severity of asthma attacks, respiratory symptoms, including cough, phlegm, wheeze, and breathlessness and increased risk for ear infections. Hence, the suggestive evidences show a causal relationship between secondhand smoke and adverse outcomes in children, straining on the requirement of a smoke-free environment for a healthier future.



2. Poster

Quit tobacco, before your time runs out

A Thirumal Raj, Roopa S. Rao, Shankargouda Patil

Year:2014 | Month:July - August | Volume:3 | Number:4 | Pages No:93 | No. of Hits: 1395


Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the world. It is estimated that 6 million people die every year due to tobacco products, out of which almost 6,00,000 death are of secondary or passive smokers. Smoking is the only legal product that kills on following instruction. Smoking has a 50% mortality rate for its users. Smoking, unlike other deadly products does not restrict its target on the weak & old, but those in their prime are equally affected. An attempt has been made to depict the various products used in both rural & urban areas, with their corresponding consequences in the form of oral potentially malignant & malignant disorders.



3. Poster

"RECENT ADVANCES IN DETECTION OF CARIES"

Swati R. Karkare, Haridas S. Jadhav

Year:2014 | Month:July - August | Volume:3 | Number:4 | Pages No:94 | No. of Hits: 1368


There has been a paradigm shifted in cariology with greater emphasis on promotion of remineralization of early caries using therapeutic agents rather than restorative treatment. This is possible only when caries lesions are detected at an incipient stage at which implementation of caries therapeutic regimes would enable early caries lesions to be remineralized before the need for restorative intervention. Current techniques like visual, tactile and radiographs do not have sufficient sensitivity and specificity not to mention operator bias. New diagnostic modalities allow early lesions of caries to be quantified, thereby creating the opportunity to monitor caries progression, or resolution by remineralization. To implement this concept of preventative approach to the management of caries, it is important to keep abreast of developments in diagnostic systems. The aim of this poster is to give a pictoral review of current techniques for the detection of caries using non-invasive techniques, namely DIFOTI, Diagnodent, Tetra Hertz Image, Optical Coherent Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Microimagin, Multi Photon Imaging and Canary system Caries Detection Methods Based on Changes in Optical Properties between Healthy and Carious teeth.



4. Poster

‘Conservative combined therapy for malignant tumors’

Mahima V. G, Karthikeya Patil, Reema Sharon D'souza

Year:2014 | Month:July - August | Volume:3 | Number:4 | Pages No:95 | No. of Hits: 1120


The objective of this poster is to present the effectiveness of combined therapy of cancer utilizing radiation, chemotherapy, and hyperthermia only, avoiding the surgical modality. Hyperthermia can kill cells directly, but it’s more important use is in combination with other treatments for cancer. Hyperthermia increases blood flow to the warmed area, doubling the perfusion in tumors, which enhances the delivery of medications. Hyperthermia also increases oxygen delivery to the area, which may make radiation more likely to damage and kill cells, as well as prevent cells from repairing the damage induced during the radiation session.

This poster deals with the principles, indications, advantages, disadvantages of this new revolutionary technology in the treatment of oral cancer



5. Poster

Photodynamic Therapy- A Novel Therapeutic Approach In The Management Of Oral Diseases

Mahima V. G, Karthikeya Patil, Ankita Sahni

Year:2014 | Month:July - August | Volume:3 | Number:4 | Pages No:96 | No. of Hits: 1250


Light has been used as a therapeutic agent for many centuries. The earliest use of an exogenous photo sensitizer to absorb light and render a therapeutic effect dates back to1400B.C. Since then many potential applications for using light for therapeutic purposes came into the limelight. One such application of use of light energy is the laser science.

Photodynamic therapy also known as photo radiation therapy, photo therapy or photo chemo-therapy involves the use of photoactive dye (photo sensitizer) that is activated by the exposure to light of specific wavelength in the presence of oxygen. The transfer of energy from the activated photo sensitizer to available oxygen results in the formation of toxic oxygen species such as singlet oxygen and free radicals. These very reactive species can damage proteins, lipids, nucleic acids and other cellular components. Applications of photodynamic therapy are growing rapidly: treatment of premalignant lesions and oral cancer, bacterial and fungal infection therapies and the photodynamic diagnosis of malignant transformation of oral lesions. It also represents a therapeutic approach in management of oral biofilms. The absence of genotoxic and mutagenic effects of photodynamic therapy are an important factor for long term safety.

This poster highlights the mechanism, physics, indications, contraindications, advantages and disadvantages of use of photodynamic therapy pertaining to the oral cavity.



6. Poster

“ULTRASONIC IN ENDODONTICS”

KRISHNA JAISWAL, MEENAL GULVE

Year:2014 | Month:July - August | Volume:3 | Number:4 | Pages No:97 | No. of Hits: 1137


Since the late 1950’s the use of ultrasonic technology has become a staple in endodontic practices around the world for hygiene and periodontal procedures. More recently endodontists have introduced us to the clinical advantages of their use in root canal therapy and we are just begining to see their effectiveness for endo-restorative and micro-restorative work. This poster will review the expanded function that ultrasonic technology has taken in root canal therapy; their current clinical uses and advantages in both ultrasonic equipments and tips; and some of the science behind the technology.



7. Poster

Physiotherapy In ginglymo arthrodial disorders

Amandeep Sodhi, Priya K.Nair, Sujatha .D, Bharati Patil

Year:2014 | Month:July - August | Volume:3 | Number:4 | Pages No:98 | No. of Hits: 1119


The temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are a heterogeneous group of painful musculoskeletal conditions that include masticatory muscle pain. TMD is a common condition but its etiology is poorly understood. Although TMD can be quite disabling, most patients presenting with symptoms improve regardless of treatment type. In the past year, physical therapy has been increasingly advocated as a standard part of the multidisciplinary approach in treating temporomandibular disorders. The primary role of physical therapy in the treatment of patients suffering from chronic pain is aimed at functional physical restoration . Within the sphere of practice, we as oral physicians have to expertise to advocate a wide choice of physical agents (frequently referred to as physical modalities) that may be used to attenuate pain.

This poster focuses on the physiotherapeutic management of TMDs



8. Poster

Dentistry-Going Digital..!!

Rohini Belkar,Neha Singh,Jubin Patel, K. KamalakanthShenoy,Vidya Bhat,Hasan Sarfaraz, Savitha Dandekeri

Year:2014 | Month:July - August | Volume:3 | Number:4 | Pages No:100 | No. of Hits: 1236


The success of any prosthodontics treatment modality relies, to a large extent on accurate replication of the substrate. For more than 100 years, impression materials have been optimized for improved replication. However, as good as the enhancements to these impression materials have been, patient comfort in the new millennium is foremost in trend design for dental products. Consequently, digitalization in the area of dental impressions has developed in full earnest. Digital approaches were created to circumvent the traditional obstacles of the existing impression materials. Dedicated digital impression system eliminate cumbersome dental task, such as selecting trays, preparing and using materials , disinfecting impressions and sending impressions to the laboratory. It can be anticipated that software developments and refinements will continue in the areas of scanning and imaging of preparations and laboratory in process images during the creation of restoration.