Dental Poster Journal

Dental Poster Journal (2020), Vol 9, No.2, July-December Issue

1. POSTER

Changing perception of oral health

Soumya Muraleedharan, Praveen Jodalli, Rekha P Shenoy, Laxminarayan Sonde, Imran Pasha

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 589


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
In India majority of people believe that oral health is less important and separate from general health. This perception needs to be changed at local, state, and national levels and for all population groups. It is our moral responsibility to implement oral health programs equally in all urban and rural populations. All stakeholders, policymakers, health care providers as well the public should come together to implement and bring about change in the perception of oral health. This poster depicts the measures and how the combined effort of public, policymakers, and health care providers can bring a change in their oral health perception. Addressing and overcoming multiple barriers to oral health care, which can embody issues or disparities in: education, economics, the surroundings, cultural and social problems, and also the health care system itself1. To change the perception of oral health firstly we must educate the public, stakeholders or policymakers who can influence and implement training programs, conduct surveys, population-based research, and develop a stronger health care infrastructure. Policymakers should implement oral health policies. Special care and education should be given to pregnant ladies, lactating mothers, and elderly people. Oral health has limited integration into medical education hence it becomes mandatory to change the perception of health providers and promote as well implement interdisciplinary training. A combined cumulative effort by the public, policymakers and health care providers can give a new vision to oral health2.

Keywords: Oral Health, Oral Health Promotion, Special Needs

How to cite this article: Muraleedharan S, Jodalli P, Shenoy RP, Sonde L, Pasha I.- Changing perception of oral health, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):1.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.053

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Muraleedharan S, Jodalli P, Shenoy RP, Sonde L, Pasha I.- Changing perception of oral health, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):1.


2. POSTER

Personalized medicine: ‘Hope for better tomorrow’

Madhura Chandrashekhar Mahajan, Manjushri Waingade

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 786


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
“If it were not for the great variability among individuals, medicine might as well be a science and not an art.”Sir William O sler In humans, 99.9% of genetic bases are similar while only the remaining 0.1% make a person unique. These variations can be harmless, harmful, or latent1,2. Personalized or customized medicine is a developing area in which physicians apply diagnostic tests to identify particular biological markers, environmental factors that aid in describing which all medical/ dental modalities will work best for each patient according to his or her genetic makeup1,3. It also includes fighting the diseases with your immune cells. You can’t get more personalized than that!4-6.It aims to reduce the burden of disease, focuses on prevention, diminishes the duration and severity of illness, reduces side effects of unnecessary drugs, health care costs, and what not? Although personalized medicine in the medical field is rapidly growing and becoming more common, in dentistry it is in a primitive stage. It would be beneficial as an oral medicine practitioner to determine the appropriate drug to the appropriate patient for the appropriate disease at the appropriate time with the appropriate dosage 2,4,6,7. In the last two decades, there have been many advances in genetics, proteomics, metabolomics, molecular biology, and molecular medicine. Personalized medicine uses these advances along with clinical profiles as well as other relevant data to customize the health care services. Personalized medicine is sometimes also labeled as stratified medicine, as patients are stratified based on available information, and then therapy is customized according to the characteristics of each stratum3. To discriminate from stratified medicine, personalized medicine is more about the individual rather than strata. Personalized Medicine provides a structural and functional model for efficient health care services; which is preventive, well-coordinated, and proven1. In next decade, everyone will be having their detailed information and nobody will have to suffer through trial -and-error care5,6,8 . Personalized medicine approach should have potent clinical benefit, means layer by layer distribution of information should be feasible and should lead to better clinical practice. A critical element of the success of personalized dentistry is awareness of public and acceptance of personal genome sequencing along with its risks and benefits2-4.

Keywords: Personalized Medicine, Personalized Dentistry, Genomics, Proteomics.

How to cite this article: Mahajan M.C, Waingade M.- Personalized medicine: ‘Hope for better tomorrow’, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):2.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.054

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Mahajan M.C, Waingade M.- Personalized medicine: ‘Hope for better tomorrow’, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):2.


3. POSTER

COVID-19 and dental practice

Yunus Ahmed

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 618


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
All dentists should ascertain the need for immediate care, of each patient via telephone by asking a set of questions to probe into the risk of exposure of the patient to Covid-191.

Keywords: Aerosols; COVID-19; Coronavirus; Dentist; Pandemic

How to cite this article: Ahmed Y.- COVID-19 and dental practice, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):3.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.055

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Ahmed Y.- COVID-19 and dental practice, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):3.


4. POSTER

Smartphone-based analytical biosensors

Yunus Ahmed

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 556


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
What does point-of-care technology mean? It refers to a patient being diagnosed by a doctor or self- diagnosis without the requirement of a laboratory. Biosensors are tools that are used to perform this function. For many years, the biosensors used were heavy and difficult to manage. Therefore, they could be used only where it was feasible. Now, smartphone-based biosensors are developed which can easily be connected to a smartphone which allows the operator to carry out various functions at ease, due to its portability and also compile data from anywhere1. Due to the proximity of these devices to the patient, it helps the patient monitor long-standing diseases and actively participates in improving their health2. Wearable biosensors are considered to be the future of healthcare due to its precision, expense, and accessibility3.

Keywords: Oral Health, Oral Health Promotion, Special Needs

How to cite this article: Ahmed Y.- Smartphone-based analytical biosensors, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):4.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.056

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Ahmed Y.- Smartphone-based analytical biosensors, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):4.


5. POSTER

Laterally displaced flap along with subepithelial connective tissue graft for root coverage of isolated gingival recession in thin biotype patients: A report of 4 cases

Bhumika Gumber, Anjali Kothari, Rajinder Kumar Sharma, Shikha Tewari, Ritika Arora

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 696


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Introduction: Management of marginal tissue recession in patients with thin biotype presents a challenge on a day to day practice in periodontics. Laterally displaced flap (LDF) has been modified multiple times since its introduction. It can be used in combination with other procedures like subepithelial connective tissue (SECT) graft1,2.
Objective: To present a series of cases with thin biotype and gingival recession at the labial surface of tooth who were treated with LDF along with SECT graft.
Methodology: Patients with Millers class II gingival recession were recruited for the study. The recession coverage was done with LDF along with SECT graft. Clinical parameters including recession depth and width, the width of keratinized gingiva, gingival index, and plaque index were assessed at baseline and after 1 and 3 months after surgery.
Results: Treatment led to complete root coverage, and an increase in width of the attached gingiva.
Conclusion: The results demonstrated that the combination of LDF with SECT graft is promising for treating recession cases in thin biotype for obtaining the expected root coverage and esthetic outcome.

Keywords: Biotype; Esthetic; Graft, Laterally Displaced Flap; Root Coverage

How to cite this article: Gumber B, Kothari A, Sharma R.K, Tewari S, Arora R.- Laterally displaced flap along with subepithelial connective tissue graft for root coverage of isolated gingival recession in thin biotype patients: A report of 4 cases, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):5.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.057

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Gumber B, Kothari A, Sharma R.K, Tewari S, Arora R.- Laterally displaced flap along with subepithelial connective tissue graft for root coverage of isolated gingival recession in thin biotype patients: A report of 4 cases, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):5.


6. POSTER

Save a tooth-The herbal way in parent’s perspective

Shefaly Tandon, Shalini Garg, Anil Gupta, Shikha Dogra, Sakshi Joshi , Ankit Srivastava

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 756


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Aim: To assess the awareness and attitude of parents choosing routine natural edible ingredients for posttraumatic tooth preservation.
Material and methods: A questionnaire-based survey was conducted amongst parents of children in the mixed dentition period with erupted young permanent incisors. The questionnaire collected demographics, parent’s choice of natural ingredients available at home (coconut water-CW, aloe vera-AV, egg white-EW, green tea-GT, pomegranate juice- PJ) which can be used as a preservation medium for the avulsed tooth. The survey also evaluated knowledge and attitude questions about tooth preservation after trauma.
Results: Most of the parents were dissatisfied with their knowledge and were willing to attend educational programs related to the management of dental trauma1. Coconut water2,3 was found to be the natural medium of choice in a significant number of parents followed by aloe vera4.
Conclusion: Coconut water, a scientifically established tooth preservation media was the parent’s first choice for storing the tooth. There is a growing need for parent awareness programs explaining emergency management for traumatic dental injury.

Keywords: Avulsion; Coconut Water; Herbal Storage Media; Parental Awareness.

How to cite this article: Tandon S, Garg S, Gupta A, Dogra S, Joshi S, Srivastava A.- Save a tooth-The herbal way in parent’s perspective, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):6.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.058

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Tandon S, Garg S, Gupta A, Dogra S, Joshi S, Srivastava A.- Save a tooth-The herbal way in parent’s perspective, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):6.


7. POSTER

Feed right for your baby’s smile!

Harshitha K, Ajay Rao H.T, Sham.S.Bhat, Tasneem Shajahan

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 865


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Breastfeeding bestows long term and short term benefits on both the child as well as the mother which has beneficial effects on the development of an infant's oral cavity. Many studies reveal that infants who are breastfed regularly are less prone to have caries in their first months of life than an infant who is not breastfed regularly1. Successful breastfeeding means proper swallowing and latch-on by an infant. The proper breastfeeding position, “Latch-on”, they are the cradle hold, the cross over the hold, clutch hold and reclining position. So during an effective “Latch-on” tongue extends over the lower gum pad by drawing from both areola tissue and nipple into the mouth. This creates a tight seal and the lip flanges outward over the areole tissues. When the seal remains intact, the infant obtains milk by using a peristaltic motion of tongue to compress the flattened breast nipple against palate which moves the milk towards the throat and helps the infant to swallow and to gain nutrition. This normal swallowing habit helps to set a pattern for correct normal swallow habits into adulthood2.

Keywords: Breastfeeding; Infant Oral Hygiene; Latch On

How to cite this article: Harshitha K , Rao A.H.T, Bhat S.S, Shajahan T.- Feed right for your baby’s smile!, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):7.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.059

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Harshitha K , Rao A.H.T, Bhat S.S, Shajahan T.- Feed right for your baby’s smile!, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):7.


8. POSTER

Start treasuring your health from home-post lockdown precautions

Shruthi Jayachandran

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 815


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
COVID-19 protocols and guidelines are intended to direct the public towards health awareness, disease control. These protocols aid the health care workers1 (HCW) and medical professionals to effectively halt the disease spread in the society. Moving on to the health security and home care for patients under the suspicion of COVID-19, presenting with signs and symptoms, more precautions have to be taken for proper sanitation to prevent infection with the COVID-19 virus2. Other recommended measures include self-hygiene, including immune boosters through diet, proper garbage disposal, house sanitation, etc. A person suffering from mild symptoms where hospitalization may not be recommended due to overstressing on the health care sector. If the patients have systemic disorders, or immunocompromised conditions, where the risk rate of infection and COVID- 19 related complications are higher, further protective measures, early diagnosis, and treatment planning are of utmost importance.

Keywords: COVID-19; Health Care Worker; Sanitation

How to cite this article: Jayachandran S.- Start treasuring your health from home-post lockdown precautions, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):8.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.060

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Jayachandran S.- Start treasuring your health from home-post lockdown precautions, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):8.


9. POSTER

Advanced injectable scaffold system signpost for development in endodontic tissue regeneration

Pawan Anil Pawar, Meenal Nitin Gulve, Swapnil Janardan Kolhe, Gayatri Balasaheb Aher

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 809


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Tissue engineering is a reassuring approach for dentin-pulpal complex regeneration. Tissue regeneration consists of three factors: stem cells, growth factors, and scaffolds. The scaffold is an artificial extracellular matrix (ECM) which serves as a template for cell growth and tissue regeneration1. Required properties of scaffolds are they ought to be biocompatible, biodegradable, have specific physical and mechanical properties, and have to mimic the in-vivo environment. According to shape, scaffolds are of two types: preformed scaffolds and injectable scaffolds. Preformed scaffolds have the previous form whereas injectable scaffolds can be injected into destined space and form shape of in situ structure2. Considering tiny form and size of the root canals injectable scaffolds are additionally appealing than that of preformed ones in endodontics3. Recently certain bio-inductive materials are added into synthetic scaffolds for obtaining superior outcomes.

Keywords: Endodontics; Injectable Scaffolds; Regenerative Endodontics; Tissue Engineering

How to cite this article: Pawar P. A, Gulve M. N, Kolhe S. J, Aher G. B.- Advanced injectable scaffold system: signpost for development in endodontic tissue regeneration., PosterJ 2020; 9(2):9.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.061

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Pawar P. A, Gulve M. N, Kolhe S. J, Aher G. B.- Advanced injectable scaffold system: signpost for development in endodontic tissue regeneration., PosterJ 2020; 9(2):9.


10. POSTER

3D printing- A futuristic tool

Nowshiya M Ziauddin, Bikash Jyoti Borthakur, Swathika B, Ganesan S

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 862


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
3D printing is the process of making a solid object from a three-dimensional digital image by laying down many thin layers of building material1. It is also called additive manufacturing. Various methods of 3D printing in dentistry are stereolithography, photopolymer jetting, selective laser sintering, fused deposition modeling, selective laser sintering, etc2.
Steps involved in 3D printing are: (1) obtaining a 2D image using an intraoral camera/scanner. (2) converting a 2D image into a 3D image using the CAD software. (3) making 3D printed models using additive printers.

Keywords: CAD Software; 3D Printing; Dentistry; Endodontics

How to cite this article: Ziauddin N.M, Borthakur B. J, Swathika B, Ganesan S.- 3D printing- A futuristic tool , PosterJ 2020; 9(2):10.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.062

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Ziauddin N.M, Borthakur B. J, Swathika B, Ganesan S.- 3D printing- A futuristic tool , PosterJ 2020; 9(2):10.


11. POSTER

Lite image analysis module ‘A boon in the field of salivary diagnosis’

Jayanta Saikia, Dipshikha Das

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 897


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Cancer, cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurological diseases disturb the bodily mechanism of an individual, causing a devastating impact on a global scale. Therefore, the diagnosis of such diseases at an early pace is important. An early diagnosis relies on both a thorough clinical evaluation and precise laboratory investigations. Most clinical samples are collected through invasive procedures. The past decade has seen a surge in the development of non-invasive salivary diagnostic1. In addition to local changes with the oral cavity, the salivary samples have also shown to exhibit alteration in response to several systemic diseases including cancer. They have also been used in forensics to screen for drugs2.

Keywords: Point of care diagnostics, Saliva, Oral disease, LIAM, Lateral Flow Test, VerOFy®, Super•SAL

How to cite this article: Saikia J, Das D.- Lite image analysis module: ‘A boon in the field of salivary diagnosis’, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):11.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.063

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Saikia J, Das D.- Lite image analysis module: ‘A boon in the field of salivary diagnosis’, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):11.


12. POSTER

Introduction to Imaging in Dental Implants- A Road Map

Ayesha Niyaz, Shahul Hameed

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 851


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
The use of Dental Implants to treat complete and partial edentulous spaces has become an integral treatment modality in restorative dentistry. The basis for planning up an implant placement depends upon a clinical examination of the patient and by radiological evaluation. The main objective of diagnostic imaging is to assess bone quality and quantity which serves as a basic foundation for placing an implant1. Diagnostic imaging is categorized into 3 phases: pre-prosthetic/pre-surgical implant imaging, surgical & interventional implant imaging, and post-prosthetic implant imaging. The imaging modalities range from analog which uses x-ray films to intensifying screens as receptors for visualization of images to digital and two-dimensional imaging which provides us information of the height and width of the bone in that region, tentatively2. Further, three-dimensional imaging helps us to assess not only height and width but also depth/thickness of the particular area3. So in the current era of imaging, the practitioner plans up the imaging modality accordingly which gives them complete information before implant placement. In this poster presentation, we present the different implant imaging modalities with advantages and disadvantages, so the dentists get a brief overview of the same.

Keywords:Dental Implants, Implant Imaging, 2-Dimensional Imaging, 3-Dimensional Imaging

How to cite this article: Niyaz A, Hameed S.- Introduction to Imaging in Dental Implants- A Road Map, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):12.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.064

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Niyaz A, Hameed S.- Introduction to Imaging in Dental Implants- A Road Map, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):12.


13. POSTER

Retrograde Filling Materials - Soldiers of Apex

Anila Krishna Saxena, Artika Gupta, Anil K. Tomer

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 855


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Successful periapical surgery mandates the elimination of periapical infection and a good apical seal1. The apical region of the root canal has the maximum lateral canals that may act as portal of entry for the ingress of irritants. During periapical surgery, the apical 3mm is resected and prepared to receive a retrograde filling material. Root end filling is the procedure through which an inert material is packed into the root canal via a retrograde approach2. The desirable characteristics of a root end filling material include biocompatibility, non-resorbable, radiopaque, easy to manipulate and capable of being closely adapted to the dentinal walls of the retrograde cavity3. Conventionally, amalgam, glass ionomer cement, super EBA were used as retrograde filling materials. Research has led to development of various newer biomimetic materials based on calcium silicate cements. The earliest of these was mineral trioxide aggregate. Newer materials include Biodentine, and Bioceramics like Endosequence and Bioaggregate. The present poster highlights the various retrograde filling materials used in dentistry.

Keywords:Bioceramics; Biodentine; Retrograde Filling Materials; Mineral Trioxide Aggregate

How to cite this article: Saxena A.K, Gupta A, Tomer A.K.- Retrograde Filling Materials - Soldiers of Apex, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):13.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.065

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Saxena A.K, Gupta A, Tomer A.K.- Retrograde Filling Materials - Soldiers of Apex, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):13.


14. POSTER

Point of care testing in periodontal diagnosis- A new frontier

Sarah Thomas

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 960


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Periodontal disease, a prevailing oral disease, is caused by oral microbe induced inflammation. The sustained inflammatory response to the microbial antigenic stimuli leads to progressive destruction of periodontal tissues. Conventional diagnostic methods including radiographs, allow the detection of periodontitis only when there is sufficient loss of the periodontium. At this stage, any treatment strategy would struggle to halt the disease progression. Thus, novel diagnostic tools capable of detecting subtle periodontal changes are required to infer early diagnosis and treatment1,2,3.
The past decade has developed several diagnostic tools to aid in monitoring the periodontal status using saliva and the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). The point of care (POC) diagnostics, is one such endeavor that allows rapid chair-side tests to diagnose periodontal disease using salivary and GCF samples. The present poster is an attempt to highlight the advantages of some of the point of care diagnostic kits and their possible limitations.

Keywords: Periodontitis; The point of care testing; Rapid chairside tests

How to cite this article: Thomas S.- Point of care testing in periodontal diagnosis- A new frontier- A Road Map, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):14.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.066

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Thomas S.- Point of care testing in periodontal diagnosis- A new frontier- A Road Map, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):14.


15. POSTER

Depth of invasion- an ‘evolved’ but enigmatic parameter

Akhil Girdhar, Anju Devi, Anjali Narwal, Mala Kamboj,Deepak Pandiar

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 465


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common malignant neoplasm of the oral cavity. Prognostic and predictive factors are most decisive in staging and therefore in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) therapeutics1. Depth of invasion (DOI) is a better and one of the most promising findings in determining the biological behavior of oral cancer2. DOI, as defined by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) in the 8th manual, is measured by dropping a perpendicular plumb line from the reconstructed horizon of the basement membrane of nearest adjacent normal mucosa to the deepest point of tumor invasion, measured in millimeters3. DOI was included in the 6th edition of AJCC staging but the definition and measurements were ambiguous with tumor thickness (TT)2. The recent 8th edition of AJCC, 2017 introduced significant modifications, one important modification being the appropriate evaluation of DOI to stage oral cancer3.

Predicting the deepest margin and challenges in horizon estimation poses difficulty inaccurate estimation of DOI3,4,. This poster aims to elaborate on the challenges and possible solutions in the measurement of DOI. The better prognostic predictiveness of DOI compared to TT and its inclusion in the pT category for OSCC supplements the AJCC staging and warrants its accurate measurement2. Consistent and accurate measurement of DOI is a challenge but is simultaneously necessary as it affects accurate staging of the tumor and inter-examiner agreement. Differences between DOI and TT should also be considered for a more precise understanding and evaluation of the two3. It will help differentiate deeply invasive, high-risk small cancers from less to moderately invasive, prognostically favorable cancers2.

Keywords: American Joint Committee on Cancer; Depth of invasion; Oral cavity; Squamous cell carcinoma; Tumor staging; Tumor thickness.

How to cite this article: Girdhar A, Devi A, Narwal A, Kamboj M, Pandiar D.- Depth of invasion- an ‘evolved’ but enigmatic parameter - A Road Map, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):15.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.067

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Girdhar A, Devi A, Narwal A, Kamboj M, Pandiar D.- Depth of invasion- an ‘evolved’ but enigmatic parameter - A Road Map, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):15.


16. POSTER JOURNAL

Phytomedicine in endodontics

Rupesh Kale, Meenal Gulve

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 422


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
The microorganisms present in the root canal of the human teeth are the primary cause for dental caries, pulpal and periapical inflammation, necrosis of the pulp, and root canal treatment related complications1. With the increase in the development of bacterial resistance to newer antibiotics, it has become a constant necessity to innovate alternative therapies. In addition, the most frequently used irrigants in endodontics such as NaOCl, EDTA, CHX, and intracanal medicaments like Ca(OH)2 and triple antibiotic pastes can have detrimental effects. Thus, it is essential to develop alternative therapeutic regimens which are non-toxic, affordable, and effective. Plant and herbs-based medicine is one such alternative which is commonly used for therapeutic purposes2.

The method of utilization of herbs for therapeutic purposes is called “Phytotherapy or Phytomedicine”3. A wide range of medicinal plants is found in India. Various constituents present in herbs have been applied to treat a wide range of disease entities. Herbs and plants can potentially be used in endodontics with minimal or no systemic complications3. Phytomedicines can be used as an anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, analgesic, and sedative agents4. The advantage of phytomedicines is their ease of availability, low cost, prolonged shelf life, low toxicity, and the absence of microbial resistance. The present poster summarizes the use of phytomedicines in Endodontics.

Keywords: Endodontics; Phytomedicine; Root Canal

How to cite this article: Kale R, Gulve M.- Phytomedicine in endodontics-PosterJ 2020; 9(2):16.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.068

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Kale R, Gulve M.- Phytomedicine in endodontics-PosterJ 2020; 9(2):16.


17. POSTER JOURNAL

Innovative Thumb-sucking habit-breaking appliances

Ashwini P Bhangale, Nitin D Gulve

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 449


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Thumb sucking habit is one of the most common oral habits which is associated with malocclusion1. Thumb sucking is seen to manifest since the 29th week of the intra-uterine life2. The habit is apparent at the age of 2 to 3 and deliberated to be normal till the age of 43. When this thumb sucking habit endures further than the age of 4, it is seen to persist in the mixed & permanent dentition phase and has damaging effects on the dentition and the jaw4. The effects of prolonged thumb sucking habit include, increased overjet due to proclination of the maxillary anterior teeth and reclination of the mandibular anterior teeth, anterior open bite, constriction of the maxillary arch, deep palatal vault and posterior crossbite5,6. Although a variety of appliances have been utilized to break the thumb sucking habit, a number of these appliances can have a detrimental effect on its own. The conventional cribs, spurs, and spikes can irritate the tongue, subsequently causing ulceration of the tongue and induce supplementary mastication and speech complications1. The present poster summarizes the fabrication of two innovative appliances, which work on the reminder principle, and can be employed to cease the thumb sucking habit with any significant adverse effects.

Keywords: Habit-Breaking; Thumb Sucking

How to cite this article: Bhangale A P, Gulve N D.- Innovative Thumb-sucking habit-breaking appliances- PosterJ 2020; 9(2):17.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.069

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Bhangale A P, Gulve N D.- Innovative Thumb-sucking habit-breaking appliances- PosterJ 2020; 9(2):17.


18. POSTER JOURNAL

Root canal irrigants cleaning to its best

Shravani K Deshpande, Swati R Karkare

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 374


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
The success of root canal treatment in primary teeth is mainly achieved by the thorough removal of bacteria, debris, and necrotic tissue1. The complexity of the root canal system and formation of the smear layer during instrumentation of the root canal is the major obstacle for the complete elimination of bacteria during the cleaning and shaping of root canal system2. Complete elimination of bacteria requires the use of root canal irrigants3. In recent pediatric endodontic treatments, the use of traditional intracanal medicaments has been limited because of their cytotoxicity, inability to eliminate bacteria from dentinal tubules4. Recently some new irrigants such as Maleic acid, HEBP, Tetraclean, triclosan and Gantrez, Aqueous ozone, Q mix, and herbal irrigants have shown to have effectively eliminated bacteria5. The major advantage of using these irrigants are low toxicity, lack of microbial resistance, and long shelf life. Irrigants that have an antibacterial effect have superior effectiveness in bacterial elimination when compared with saline solution6. The use of irrigants such as saline, sodium hypochlorite, chlorhexidine, EDTA, & MTAD may cause damage to permanent tooth follicle and discoloration of permanent tooth bud present below7.

Keywords: Adolescent, Child, Health

How to cite this article: Deshpande S K, Karkare S R.- Root canal irrigants cleaning to its best.-PosterJ 2020; 9(2):18.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.070

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Deshpande S K, Karkare S R.- Root canal irrigants cleaning to its best.-PosterJ 2020; 9(2):18.


19. POSTER JOURNAL

Infant Oral Care- An Eyeopener For Nurses

Tasneem Shajahan, Harshitha K, Sham S Bhat, Sundeep Hegde K, Vidya S Bhat

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 485


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a malicious form of caries that begins soon after the eruption of the tooth. ECC develops predominantly on the smooth surfaces and rapidly progresses involving multiple teeth1. Primary tooth caries imparts greatly on a child's growth, resulting in significant pain and diminishing the overall quality of life2. Since nursing experts are undeniably bound to see new moms and newborn children before a dental specialist, it is fundamental that they know about the infectious etiology and associated risk factors of ECC and gives suitable advice to new mothers regarding infant oral health and its prompt intervention. Oral health risk assessment should be received by an infant by 6 months of age by a professional health-care provider. Caries-risk assessment (CRA) provides for a customized preventive plan that is most appropriate for the child and family to be developed. Teething can lead to disturbed sleep, localized discomfort in the region of erupting primary teeth, facial flushing, pain, general irritability, loss of appetite, gum rubbing/biting/sucking, inflammation of the mucous membrane overlying the tooth, and ear rubbing on the side of the erupting tooth. The management of teething3 includes teething rings (chilled), hard sugar-free teething rusks, cucumber peeled, pacifier, ice cubes, rub gums with clean fingers/cool spoon,/wet gauze, analgesics/antipyretics, and topical anesthetics. Oral hygiene measures should be executed as soon as the first primary tooth erupts into the oral cavity by cleansing the infant's teeth with a soft toothbrush which could help in reducing bacterial colonization. It should be made mandatory that toothbrushing be performed by a child two times a day, using a soft toothbrush of appropriate size and age and under proper parental supervision4 Parents ought to be directed about not to put their children to sleep with the bottle. They should also be made mindful of the malicious outcomes of improper bottle usage and the need for good oral hygiene practice with the eruption of the first primary teeth. Breastfeeding for more than 1 year and at night beyond the eruption of teeth may be associated with ECC. Hence, AAPD suggests that children ought to be weaned by 12 to 14 months of age from breast or bottle and should drink from a cup as they approach their first birthday5,6. Among infants aged beyond 6 months, not less than 0.3 ppm fluoride is required. This can be achieved through a 0.25 mg dietary fluoride supplement. The use of fluorides for infants under the age of 6 months is not recommended. Parents must be instructed to reduce the frequency of their child’s sugar consumption. For children with moderate to high caries risk and under the age of 2, the use of a thin smear of fluoridated toothpaste is recommended. For all children aged 2 to 5 years, the use of a pea-sized amount of fluoridated toothpaste is recommended. The unwanted force could be delivered to the teeth and dentoalveolar structures through non-nutritive oral habits like pacifier sucking, bruxism, and abnormal tongue thrust. As our society for pediatric dentistry strives to achieve the goal that every child has a fundamental right to his or her total or her total oral health; it is the responsibility of the health care professional involved with children to provide comprehensive care for the child.

Keywords: Caries Risk Assessment; Early Childhood Caries; Infant Oral Care; Teething

How to cite this article: Shajahan T, Harshitha K, Bhat S S, Hegde S K, Bhat V S- Infant Oral Care- An Eyeopener For Nurses, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):19.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.071

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Shajahan T, Harshitha K, Bhat S S, Hegde S K, Bhat V S- Infant Oral Care- An Eyeopener For Nurses, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):19.


20. POSTER JOURNAL

Robotics in Pediatric Dentistry

Vishnu Radje, Arya Devan, Sundeep Hegde K, Sham S Bhat, Shailesh Shenoy Ramadas

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 394


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Children are normally anxious and have fear when they visit the dental clinic, because of various reasons. Pain prevention can be made possible by creating a healthy relationship between dentist and patient, that is by establishing trust, eliminating fear and anxiety1. However, the pain perception, being subjective, may change the patient’s response to the treatment thereby preventing the accurate diagnosis and treatment, and in turn, affecting the accurate assessment of the scale against painful stimuli2. A wide variety of techniques have been suggested to banish a child’s dental fear. This includes the tell-show-do (TSD) technique, diverting attention, positive orientation, and self control3. Lately, the use of technological equipment and unusual stimuli began to be employed in the process of gaining the attention of the child. In the present fast-moving world of technological advancements, Robotics is one of the most marvelous inventions of human beings which has made its impact on the field of healthcare in various ways, and now, it is also used in dentistry1. Robots positively reduce the pain perception of children undergoing dental procedures. Robots use a multi-model interaction with pediatric patients like the use of the combination of visual, auditory, and tactile stimuli to reduce pain and stress during the dental treatment1. Moreover, the cumbersome task of repetitive communication with their patients by a pediatric dentist could be taken over by the computer technologies4. Subsequently, minimizing chair time. Wizard-of-Oz is an approach whereby a human operator, unknown to the participants, operates a robot. In child-robot interaction, the wizard interacts with the child through a robot5. Robots are also being studied for cavity preparation, oral prophylaxis, radio imaging, and various other procedures. Robotic technologies will give the pediatric patients an illusion of companionship without the demand of friendship6.

Keywords: Anxiety, Pain, Robotics

How to cite this article: Radje V, Devan A, Hegde S K, Bhat S S, Ramadas S S- Robotics in Pediatric Dentistry, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):20.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.072

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Radje V, Devan A, Hegde S K, Bhat S S, Ramadas S S- Robotics in Pediatric Dentistry, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):20.


21. POSTER JOURNAL

Water expandable root canal obturation system: A Review

Mehreen Kulsum, Bikash Jyoti Borthakur, Swathika B, Ganesan S

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 354


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Recently developed water expandable root canal obturation system when contacts moisture in the root canals, absorbs water and expands laterally. Thus, it fills any spaces and voids in the root canal systems1. It is composed of two parts system obturating points and resin-based sealant. For example, Propoint (C- Points) is an obturating point, smart paste Bio is a resin-based sealant2. This recently developed obturation material expands laterally, but does not expand longitudinally in the axial direction by taking up water residues from the prepared root canal system. The pre-exerted stress on the hydrophilic polymer determines the degree of this expansion3. The obturating points gently expand and conform to the irregularities within the root canals in the initial four hours of its placement. As a result of this expansion, the polymer and sealer gets pressed inside the tubules of dentin4. This mild positive pressure towards the walls of root canals gives better sealing ability to the obturating material with the root canal wall, which further decreases any permeability of bacteria and their toxins within the root canal system and thus prevents microleakage of bacteria. This may decrease any probability of reinfection of treated cases and results in a higher success rate in longrun5. The resin-based sealer is formulated so that it swells up by the addition of ground polymer. It contains bioceramic which gives dimensional stability. The setting reaction of sealer gives hydroxyapatite and calcium hydroxide as by-products which provide biocompatibility and antimicrobial activity to the material6. This type of water expandable root canal obturation system can solve some of the important problems related to the microleakage in the root canal system. This material can be considered in place of conventional obturation materials during endodontic treatment. Its use in endodontics will further enhance the root canal treatment outcomes. This poster attempts to provide a brief overview of the water expandable root canal obturation system and this poster does not promote any product and it is purely for educational purpose.

Keywords: Hydrophilic, Gutta-percha, Obturation, Root canal sealer, Smartpaste Bio

How to cite this article: Kulsum M, Borthakur B J, Swathika B, Ganesan S- Water expandable root canal obturation system: A Review, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):21.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.073

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Kulsum M, Borthakur B J, Swathika B, Ganesan S- Water expandable root canal obturation system: A Review, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):21.


22. POSTER JOURNAL

Panoramic radiograph to measure gonial angle- To rely or not to rely?

Nayan B Shende, Nitin D Gulve, Kunal R Shah, Amit B Nehete, Shivpriya D Aher

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 378


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
The gonial angle is routinely used in orthodontics, in deciding treatment plan and prediction of growth rotation of the mandible. High angle cases show increased gonial angle with a downward and backward rotation of mandible whereas in low angle cases shows decreased gonial angle with forward and upward rotation of mandible1. To measure gonial angle lateral cephalogram is most commonly used in orthodontics. However, the gonial angle determination on lateral cephalogram is unpredictable due to the superimposition of images of bilateral structures3. Previous studies showed that a panoramic radiograph can be used for determining the gonial angle more accurately than lateral cephalogram4; while other studies stated that there was great variation in values of the gonial angle of the orthopantomogram because of magnification and distortion. So we decided to use stable infrabony structure i.e. mandibular canal on orthopantomogram for measurement of gonial angle. Hence the study aimed to compare the gonial angle using the mandibular canal on orthopantomogram with the gonial angle on lateral cephalogram using 3 different planes Tweed, Downs, Steiner. For this study orthopantomogram and lateral cephalogram of 100 patients were selected. The study consisted of 4 parameters, gonial angle on orthopantomogram and gonial angle on lateral cephalogram defined by Tweed, Downs, and Steiner. The selected radiographs were traced by a single operator. The hard tissue landmark gonion, menton, gnathion were traced on lateral cephalogram. The ramal plane and mandibular plane defined by Tweed, Downs, and Steiner were drawn and the gonial angle was measured respectively. On orthopantomogram, hard tissue landmark condylion, menton, and infrabony landmark on the mandibular canal were traced and the gonial angle measured using corpus line and condylar plane5. The stable infrabony landmark is the perpendicular distance to the lower border of the mandibular canal from the intersection of upper and lower tangent5. Values of the gonial angle of orthopantomogram compared with values of gonial angle on lateral cephalogram. To check the statistical significance repeated measure ANOVA test was used, for multiple comparisons between two individual groups post hoc Bonferroni test was used. Statistical analysis showed there is a statistically significant difference between all 4 parameters. The present study showed that the gonial angle using stable infrabony landmarks is not a reliable alternative for the measurement of the gonial angle.

Keywords: Cephalogram; Gonial Angle; Orthopantomogram

How to cite this article: Shende N B, Gulve N D, Shah K R, Nehete A B, Aher S D- Panoramic radiograph to measure gonial angle- To rely or not to rely?, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):22.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.074

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Shende N B, Gulve N D, Shah K R, Nehete A B, Aher S D- Panoramic radiograph to measure gonial angle- To rely or not to rely?, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):22.


23. POSTER JOURNAL

The polymer burs (Smart burs)

Sophana J, Bikash Jyoti Borthakur, Ganesan S, Swathika B

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 429


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Minimal intervention dentistry is a modern dental practice, that attempts to preserve as much natural tooth structure as possible. This concept aims at early detection and intervention of dental caries and limiting the caries removal to infected dentin, thereby conserving healthy tooth structure 1.

The most common instruments used for caries removal are the carbide burs and diamond abrasive points. However, they do not facilitate the differentiation between carious and normal dentin during cavity preparation. This results in excessive loss of sound tooth structure 2. The preservation of caries affected dentin is encouraged as it is less frequently or, at best, not contaminated with bacteria 3. This inner layer is re-mineralizable because of limited collagen degradation.

Polymer burs (Smart burs) are a unique, selective caries removal rotary instrument made of a medical-grade polymer. The hardness and wear resistance of the polymer burs are such that, only the soft caries-infected dentin can be removed, leaving the caries-affected dentin intact. The bur dulls and wears away, losing its cutting efficiency on reaching the caries-affected dentin. They are determined for single use only. They are self-limiting and work on a low-speed handpiece 4. Unlike the conventional carbide burs, excavation is carried out from the center of the carious lesion, to avoid premature contact with the harder enamel, and then progressed to the periphery of the lesion 5.

Keywords: Caries-Infected Dentin; Differential Hardness; Minimally Invasive Dentistry; Smart Burs; Self-limiting,

How to cite this article: Sophana J, Borthakur B J, Ganesan S, Swathika B- The polymer burs (Smart burs).-PosterJ 2020; 9(2):23.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.075

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Sophana J, Borthakur B J, Ganesan S, Swathika B- The polymer burs (Smart burs).-PosterJ 2020; 9(2):23.


24. POSTER JOURNAL

Viral hepatitis A challenge to the dentist

Shreya P. Mhatre, Nilima Borkar

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 375


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
28th July is celebrated as World Hepatitis Day1. Viral hepatitis has posed as a major public health issue and one of the most common liver diseases2. Along with its lethal effect on the liver, it has spread its tentacles to other organs of the human body thus altering the body’s hematological, immunological, and inflammatory profile3,4. These extrahepatic manifestations2-4 play a significant role in proposing an appropriate treatment to the patient. As dentists are most exposed to hepatitis due to aerosols, air syringes and handpieces, and appropriate sterilization measures are mandatory in treating hepatitis patients1,5. This poster has attempted highlighting the extrahepatic manifestations of hepatitis which could give an idea to the dentist about the systemic alterations occurring in a hepatitis patient besides the deleterious effect on the liver and it also stresses on a few important points for the precautions to be taken by a dentist in treating a hepatitis patient including post-exposure prophylaxis1.

Keywords: Extra-hepatic; Hepatitis B vaccination; Hepatitis C; Post-exposure prophylaxis; Sterilization; Viral hepatitis

How to cite this article: Mhatre S P, Borkar N- Viral hepatitis A challenge to the dentist.-PosterJ 2020; 9(2):24.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.076

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Mhatre S P, Borkar N- Viral hepatitis A challenge to the dentist.-PosterJ 2020; 9(2):24.


25. POSTER JOURNAL

Esthetic rehabilitation using the visagism concept.

Pawan A. Pawar, Meenal N. Gulve, Swapnil J. Kolhe, Gayatri B. Aher

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 437


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Esthetic is the prime concern in the modern era of dentistry. Not only a dentist but also patients have developed concerning eye for esthetic. For years dental faculty have tried to harmonize the esthetics with certain traits such as age, gender, personality, etc1-4. Though personality is not an easy characteristic to measure it can be a reliable source of knowledge for an individual’s expectations from esthetic rehabilitations. Visage is the French word which means “face”. The concept of Visagism was put forward by Philip Hallawell. Visagism takes up a person’s sense of identity to create a customized personal image. This concept applies principles of esthetics as per sociology, psychology anthropology, and neurobiology to connect with different temperaments defining personality5. Though Visagism allows us to determine personality traits with many emotions, in dentistry, we are more concerned about the smile. Therefore this phenomenon applies different temperaments or traits of the personality of an individual to form a smile; unique to that individual. Four different temperaments are responsible for adding up to the personality of an individual as explained by Hippocrates6, which are:-

  1. The choleric or strong temperament
  2. Sanguine or dynamic temperament
  3. Melancholic or sensitive temperament
  4. Phlegmatic or peaceful temperament.

The concept includes combining these four temperaments for esthetic smile designing. There is software at the developing stage named “VisagiSMile (Web Motion LTD)” for easy assessment of data and treatment planning by using the concept of Visagism7. The concept of Visagism is in a primitive state in the current state, but it can give more harmonious and satisfactory results as advances will be done.

Keywords: Conservative Dentistry, esthetics, Smile Designing, Visagism.

How to cite this article: Pawar P A, Gulve M N, Kolhe S J, Aher G B,- Esthetic rehabilitation using the visagism concept..-PosterJ 2020; 9(2):25.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.077

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Pawar P A, Gulve M N, Kolhe S J, Aher G B,- Esthetic rehabilitation using the visagism concept..-PosterJ 2020; 9(2):25.


26. POSTER JOURNAL

Use of rotary Nickel Titanium endodontic instruments by Dental practitioners in Pondicherry: A questionnaire-based study.

Prashanth P, Bikash Jyoti Borthakur, Ganesan S, Swathika B

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 388


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
The exponential growth in endodontic technology in the last two decades has resulted in easier, faster, and more importantly predictable endodontics1. The advent of nickel-titanium (NiTi) instruments has led to a paradigm shift in the shaping of root canals from hand to rotary systems. NiTi instruments are two to three times more flexible and result in fewer procedural errors as compared to stainless steel instruments2. However, fracture susceptibility is considered as a major disadvantage of these instruments3. There is an individual variation in choice and method of use of rotary NiTi instruments4. Although most dental practitioners use rotary technology, there is very limited information regarding the incorporation of rotary NiTi instruments and techniques in clinical practice by general dental practitioners and endodontists5,6.

The objective of this questionnaire was to collect data regarding recent trends in rotary NiTi instrumentation among dental practitioners in Pondicherry. The study sample comprised of dental practitioners selected randomly from Pondicherry (n=70). The questionnaire was validated and informed consent was obtained from participants. Data regarding demographics, rotary NiTi usage techniques, and associated problems with rotary NiTi usage were collected. Results showed a disparity in rotary NiTi instrumentation among dental practitioners based on the experience. Recently graduated general dental practitioners (less than 5 years after graduation) used rotary instrumentation for all the cases (48.7%). 71.4% of dental practitioners use NiTi instruments up to five times before discarding the instrument. Crown down technique was the frequently used technique (76%). Protaper gold was the most commonly used file system (85%), flexibility, and ease of availability being the reason for its use. In general, 58.5% of Dental Practitioners in Pondicherry use rotary NiTi in their practice. The incidence of instrument separation was minimal and did not avert the dental practitioners from adopting this technology.

Keywords: Rotary NiTi instrumentation, Re-use, Questionnaire.

How to cite this article: Prashanth P,Borthakur B J, Ganesan S, Swathika B- Use of rotary Nickel Titanium endodontic instruments by Dental practitioners in Pondicherry: A questionnaire-based study, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):26.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.078

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Prashanth P,Borthakur B J, Ganesan S, Swathika B- Use of rotary Nickel Titanium endodontic instruments by Dental practitioners in Pondicherry: A questionnaire-based study, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):26.


27. POSTER JOURNAL

Microrobotics In Endodontics

Priyanka R, Bikash Jyoti Borthakur, Ganesan S, Swathika B

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 438


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
The Robotic technology has brought successful revolution in the field of medicine. Though, there is minimal exploration of the same in the field of dentistry, still it is considered to have a promising future. This involves dental training robots, realistic human like robots, Endo microrobot, dental nanorobots, surgical robots, sensor equipped implant setup robots, etc1. Endodontic therapy, is arduous and liable to iatrogenic errors like perforation, canal ledging, transportation, stripping, excessive instrumentation, inadequate canal preparation2. This led to a new probe of inception for eliminating the errors in hand operated endodontic therapy, by the project named Advanced Endodontic Technology. The success of the therapy mainly depends on expertise of the operator, which is acquired over the time with training and practice3. To overcome these problems, a robotic system was devised with visual guidance, positioned over the teeth, micro-sensors connected to the computer numerical control and 3-D root canal image processor to perform automatic treatment procedures (probing, access opening, cleaning, shaping and obturation).This technique improves the treatment quality, accuracy and efficiency4. Thus, the modern science and technology, brings about a new frontier in the field of endodontics.

Keywords: Actuator; Computer Numerical Control; Controller; Endodontic Microrobots; Micro-sensors

How to cite this article: Priyanka R, Borthakur B J, Ganesan S , Swathika B,- Microrobotics In Endodontics.- PosterJ 2020; 9(2):27.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.079

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Priyanka R, Borthakur B J, Ganesan S , Swathika B,- Microrobotics In Endodontics.- PosterJ 2020; 9(2):27.


28. POSTER JOURNAL

Clinical applications of mini screw implants as temporary anchorage devices

Yunus Ahmed , K. Mahima Shetty, Shahid Afrid Ahamed

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 393


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Anchorage is defined as resistance to unwanted movement of teeth. During orthodontic treatment, the controlled anchorage is a prerequisite for predictable treatment outcomes. This helps to prevent undesirable tooth movements. It is achieved by absolute anchorage (also known as infinite anchorage) which means there is no movement of the anchorage unit even as a result of reactionary force applied to move teeth. This can be achieved with only ankylosed teeth or Implants such as Temporary anchorage devices (TADs) that depend on the bone to inhibit tooth movement1.

TAD’s have been proven to be highly successful in providing effective anchorage without the need for patient compliance. The advantages of TAD include their ease of placement and removal, cost-effectiveness, and providing absolute skeletal anchorage. Studies have shown that at least 2.5mm of bone width is required, where CBCT (Cone beam computed tomography) provides optimal information. An angulation of 60-70 degrees is advocated to avoid damage to the roots2. Sites for the mini-implant placement includes between the maxillary first molar and second premolar on the palatal aspect 2-8mm from the alveolar crest. On the buccal aspect, interradicular region between first and second premolar 5-11mm from the alveolar crest. In the mandible, the interradicular spaces between the first molar and canines can be chosen provided it is at 11mm from the alveolar crest3.

Various applications of TADs include correction of deep bite, extraction space closure, Anterior and posterior retraction of multiple teeth, distallization of molars, uprighting, and extrusion of impacted molars. Various complications of mini implants exist which include irritation of the tissue, infection, and inflammation. To minimize the complications it is advised to load the mini implants in keratinized gingiva and to prescribe 0.2% chlorhexidine mouth rinse4.

Keywords: Anchorage, Implants, Mini screws, Absolute temporary anchorage, TAD’s.

How to cite this article: Ahmed Y, Shetty K M, Ahamed S A- Clinical applications of mini screw implants as temporary anchorage devices , PosterJ 2020; 9(2):28.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.080

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Ahmed Y, Shetty K M, Ahamed S A- Clinical applications of mini screw implants as temporary anchorage devices , PosterJ 2020; 9(2):28.


29. POSTER JOURNAL

Awareness of avulsion management: A questionnaire study

Deepthi K, Bikash Jyoti Borthakur, Swathika B, Ganesan S

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 421


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Avulsion, one of the commonly encountered traumatic dental injuries, may cause both functional and esthetic problems. The incidence of avulsion varies from 0.5-3% of traumatic injuries in permanent dentition and 7-13% in the primary dentition1,2. The main etiological factors for avulsion are sports and fight injuries3,4. So, knowledge and awareness regarding avulsion and its immediate management among physical educators are crucial for a good prognosis5.

The present study aimed to conduct a questionnaire survey to assess the knowledge and awareness of physical educators in Pondicherry regarding the immediate management of avulsed teeth. The study sample comprised physical educators randomly selected from government and private sports coaching centers in Pondicherry and a questionnaire survey was conducted, which consisted of two parts with a total of 20 questions. Part-I included basic demographic information and Part-II included questions regarding the management of avulsed tooth. Among the 60 physical educators, all had received formal educational training, 81% formally trained with handling first aid situations. But only 31% had been trained towards dental first aid. Although 71% of Physical educators considered Avulsion to be a dental emergency, only 13% responded with the immediate necessity to reposition the tooth and 58% responded that saving and re-positioning of the same was not a necessity. While 18% reported attempting self – repositioning, 38% responded to approaching dental clinics for first aid. Regarding cleaning of the tooth, a response rate 80% was obtained for using tap water and 45% responded with using the same as transport media. When offered to educate and create awareness regarding the management of avulsed tooth, 100% willingness and participation to gain insight into the same was appreciated, following which, a briefing of avulsed tooth management was given to all the respondents. The knowledge and awareness of physical educators regarding avulsion management are limited in several aspects and therefore, should be educated regarding the management of the issue, which should also form a part of their training curriculum to improve the prognosis of the tooth.

Keywords: Sport’s Injury, Trauma, Avulsion, Questionnaire, Physical educators, Awareness.

How to cite this article: Deepthi K, Borthakur B J, Swathika B, Ganesan S, - Awareness of avulsion management: A questionnaire study, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):29.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.081

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Deepthi K, Borthakur B J, Swathika B, Ganesan S, - Awareness of avulsion management: A questionnaire study, PosterJ 2020; 9(2):29.


30. POSTER JOURNAL

Say no to all forms of tobacco

Arthi Baskaran, Sophia Jeba Priya J, S.Jayachandran

Year:2020 | Month:July-December | Volume:9 | Number:2 | Pages No:1 | No. of Hits: 518


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Tobacco smoking is highly prevalent and can be considered an epidemic in both developed and developing nations1. A complex hierarchy of systems and strong influences causes smokers to initiate and maintain their habit2. It is responsible for a substantial majority of diseases that reduce life expectancy and quality of life 2. A broad consensus exists in consumer-oriented awareness about the adverse effects of tobacco and hence anti-tobacco advice and behavioral support form an important part of the overall tobacco cessation strategy3.

Keywords: Cessation; Behavioral Health; Tobacco,

How to cite this article: Baskaran A, Sophia J P J, Jayachandran S,- Say no to all forms of tobacco.-PosterJ 2020; 9(2):30.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.082

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Baskaran A, Sophia J P J, Jayachandran S,- Say no to all forms of tobacco.-PosterJ 2020; 9(2):30.