Dental Poster Journal

Dental Poster Journal (2021), Vol 10, No.2, February Issue

1. POSTER JOURNAL

Non-surgical management of a periapical cyst: A case report

Ashwini P Bhangale, Meenal N Gulve

Year:2021 | Month:February | Volume:10 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 1180

Full Text HTML |

ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Periapical lesions are perhaps triggered by bacterial activity1. The endodontic microbes are most often obligate anaerobes; they efficaciously subdue the cellular and molecular host defense mechanism i.e. Neutrophils, Macrophages, Lymphocytes, and osteoclasts, cytokines, interferon, eicosanoids, and growth factors; with their virulence factors such endotoxins, enzymes, and modulins to produce the periapical pathology2. There is variability observed in the periapical lesions, which include periapical abscess, periapical cyst, and periapical granuloma depending on its appearance and symptoms3,4.

Keywords: Calcium Hydroxide, Non-Surgical Management, Periapical Cyst.

How to cite this article: Bhangale AP, Gulve MN. - Non-surgical management of a periapical cyst: A case report,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):1.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.098

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Bhangale AP, Gulve MN. - Non-surgical management of a periapical cyst: A case report,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):1.


2. POSTER JOURNAL

Human Amniotic Membrane: Sprouting Life

Srinkhala, Sonali Jain, Praveen Singh Samant, Kishan Agarwal

Year:2021 | Month:February | Volume:10 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 1083

Full Text HTML |

ABSTRACT

Commentary:
The human amniotic membrane (hAM) is an absorbable, biocompatible collagen-based matrix procured from the human placenta1. Over the previous decade, the advancement of tissue designing, alongside new acellularization conventions; reworked this biomaterial into a modulatory matrix for regenerative medicine2. The hAM possesses a wide array of properties namely anti-microbial, anti-fibrotic, and anti-inflammatory pertaining to the presence of various growth factors and mesenchymal stem cells which decreases the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines3-4. Another essential property of this extracellular matrix for tissue designing applications is its capacity of cellular multiplication, differentiation, and cell attachment5. This exceptional arrangement of natural and biochemical properties along with its boundless accessibility and diminished cost have formed hAM into a biomaterial of choice.

Keywords: Amniotic Membrane; Biological Scaffolds; Dental Pulp Regeneration; Guided Tissue Regeneration; Tissue Engineering.

How to cite this article: Srinkhala, Jain S, Samant PS, Agarwal K. - Human Amniotic Membrane: Sprouting Life,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):2.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.099

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Srinkhala, Jain S, Samant PS, Agarwal K. - Human Amniotic Membrane: Sprouting Life,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):2.


3. POSTER JOURNAL

Fight Corona

Varnika Yadav, Praveen Singh Samant

Year:2021 | Month:February | Volume:10 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 1086

Full Text HTML |

ABSTRACT

Commentary:
One of the major micro-organisms that target the respiratory system of humans is a coronavirus. SARA-CoV (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) and MERS-CoV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) are the precursory outbreaks of coronaviruses. Lots of people were hospitalized due to the sign and symptoms of pneumonia that too of unrevealed etiology, in late December 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China1. In a few weeks this infectious disease spread across China and around the world. This disease was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the World Health Organization, on 30th January 2020 and hence, named as 'Coronavirus Disease 2019' caused by 'Novel Coronavirus' on 12th February 20202.

Keywords: Aerosols, COVID-19, Pneumonia, Novel Coronavirus, Teledentistry, Transmission, Wuhan.

How to cite this article: Yadav V, Samant PS. - Fight Corona,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):3.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.100

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Yadav V, Samant PS. - Fight Corona,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):3.


4. POSTER JOURNAL

Artificial intelligence: A blooming boon

Sonali Jain, Srinkhala,Praveen Singh Samant, Nur Fatma

Year:2021 | Month:February | Volume:10 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 1094

Full Text HTML |

ABSTRACT

Commentary:
John Mc Carthy in 1956 coined the term 'Artificial Intelligence.' Artificial intelligence is a combination of science and engineering concerned with the computational knowledge of intelligent behavior and creating artifacts that mimic such behavior1 like face recognition, replicating human actions, and maybe feel-just as humans do. Artificial Intelligence relies on the likelihood that machines can utilize accessible data and reasons to solve problems like humans2 and it forecast intelligent systems capable to respond according to their surroundings and the measures to augment their odds of success 3.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence; Artificial Neural Network; Deep Learning; Dentistry Machine Learning

How to cite this article: Jain S, Srinkhala, Samant PS, Fatma N. - Artificial intelligence: A blooming boon,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):4.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.101

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Jain S, Srinkhala, Samant PS, Fatma N. - Artificial intelligence: A blooming boon,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):4.


5. POSTER JOURNAL

Surrogate therapy and electrospun recuperation- The new anticipation

Shreya,Varnika Yadav, Praveen Singh Samant,Vipul Srivastava

Year:2021 | Month:February | Volume:10 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 1041

Full Text HTML |

ABSTRACT

Commentary:
The oral cavity is an intricate environment wherein a rich and differing microbial community is existing1. Literature has proven Streptococcus mutans as the important causative operator for the initiation of dental caries, which might be principally due to its adherence capacity to the tooth surface and acid production2. Despite utilizing the traditional approaches3, newer approaches for the prevention against dental caries or managing the lost dental tissues if it has already occurred, are highly desirable to reinforce the existing ones.

Keywords: Dental Caries Prevention; Electrospinning; Nanofibers; Replacement Therapy; Streptococcus Mutans

How to cite this article: Shreya, Yadav V, Samant PS, Srivastava V. - Fight Corona,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):5.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.102

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Shreya, Yadav V, Samant PS, Srivastava V. - Fight Corona,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):5.


6. POSTER JOURNAL

Endodontic cryotherapy: A review of current status, potential sequelae, and call for action

Varnika Yadav, Shreya, Vandita, Praveen Singh Samant, Raju Chauhan

Year:2021 | Month:February | Volume:10 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 1103

Full Text HTML |

ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Patients undergoing endodontic treatment may develop post-endodontic pain, which can be attributed due to several factors such as: during chemo-mechanical preparation, an extrusion of debris (dentinal), irrigants, and micro- organisms beyond an apical limit might produce inflammation1. The utmost priority in such situations would be to manage the pain. Prevalence of post endodontic treatment pain is estimated to be from 1.5% to 50% or more1.

Keywords: Cryotherapy; Cold Application; Irrigation; Post-Operative Pain.

How to cite this article: Yadav V, Shreya,Vandita, Samant PS, Chauhan R. - Endodontic cryotherapy: A review of current status, potential sequelae, and call for action,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):6.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.103

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Yadav V, Shreya,Vandita, Samant PS, Chauhan R. - Endodontic cryotherapy: A review of current status, potential sequelae, and call for action,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):6.


7. POSTER JOURNAL

Periodontal disease biomarkers tiny molecules big impact

Shreya P.Mhatre, Nilima K. Borkar, Vini P. Mehta, Ankita S. Mathur

Year:2021 | Month:February | Volume:10 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 176


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Periodontal diseases are inflammatory in nature which destroys the tooth-supporting structures ultimately leading to tooth loss1. The root cause is the dysbiotic relationship between the periodontal pathogens and the host immune system2. Mere removal of dental calculus coupled with oral hygiene instructions is not sufficient. A lot of activity is happening beneath the surface which cannot be predicted by traditional diagnostic techniques like probing, clinical attachment level (CAL), or radiographs1. These biomolecules called biomarkers highlight the present disease activity rather than past disease severity3,4.

Keywords: Biomarkers; Immune System; Inflammation; Periodontal Diseases; Tooth loss; The point of care testing

How to cite this article: Mhatre S P, Borkar N K,Mehta V P, Mathur A S. - Periodontal disease biomarkers tiny molecules big impact,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):7.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.104

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Mhatre S P, Borkar N K,Mehta V P, Mathur A S. - Periodontal disease biomarkers tiny molecules big impact,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):7.


8. POSTER JOURNAL

Evolution of articulators

Sanha Razdan, Vidya Bhat, Sanath Shetty, Shrimaa B Kateel, Khizer Syed

Year:2021 | Month:February | Volume:10 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 175


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
An articulator is a mechanical device that represents the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) to simulate mandibular movements. Scientists and inventors since ages tried to find out the types and variation of the movement of the mandible to mimic the jaw movements so that prosthesis can be fabricated in the absence of patients reducing the chair-side time. By the 20th century, the natural characteristics and complexity of the condylar paths, both between individuals and eccentric and centric movements in the same individual, was identified and appreciated as crucial determinants of mandibular movement. Articulators advanced from non-adjustable to semi-adjustable and fully adjustable. They are Arcon type that represents the condylar element in the lower member and guidance in the upper member, the reverse representation forms the Non-Arcon type. One of the initial mechanical hinge articulators was developed by Thomas W. Evans Articulator in the 1840s included preservation or customized alteration of vertical dimension as its sole feature1. The second articulator patented was by Daniel T. Evens, represented evolution in the understanding of mandibular movement and mention of provision for forward and side to side movements of the mandible, called the Dentist's Guide. The Bonwill articulator was developed to reproduce the progressive shift of the mandible in an eccentric position based on the Bonwill theory of the equilateral triangle. It allows lateral movement only in the horizontal plane2. Walker -Bonwill articulator was a modified version of the Bonwill articulator by flexing the condylar rods consisting of spiral springs of a 35-degree angle1. Gysi worked with Muller to construct an ""average value"" device except for lateral ""rotation centers"", controls that precisely reproduced and emulated the form of the condyle and glenoid fossa3. The utilization of a protrusive interocclusal wax record to compute the angle of the condylar paths was suggested by Christensen in 1905, which he believed corresponded to the observed space that appears between the maxillary and mandibular teeth during protrusion, and to utilize this record to calibrate the condylar guide angle of an adjustable articulator4. Snow new century articulator in 1907 had adjustable rather than fixed descending condylar guides1. The term ""gothic arch"" coined by Gysi in 1912 illustrated the role of incisor point movements in the horizontal plane. The simplex, earliest discovery of this class of articulators to have an incisal pin and guide assembly having condylar paths of 33 degrees, lateral paths of 16 degrees, and incisal guide with ""the most upward slant"" (60-degree). Hanau evolved from models having individual condylar guidance adjustments in 3 dimensions within a considerable range5. Stuart in 1955 designed the Stuart gnathologic fully adjustable articulator that records and replicates the positions in three planes and in the fourth dimension of time6. Kenneth Swanson designed the TMJ articulator in 1965 which had custom analog fossae that formed from intraoral stereographic tracings customized for every individual7. Recent advancements include disposable crown & bridge articulators records great centric occlusion, allows lateral and protrusive movements, no plaster required, and is lightweight. The latest Virtual articulator used for digitizing tooth surfaces is an advanced way to operate the articulator and to improve the occlusion. CAD-CAM techniques or tools linked for virtual designing and setting up of the Virtual model of human skull, jaw, and teeth superimposes with dental articulator8.

Keywords: Arcon; Articulator; Condylar Guidance; Hinge Axis; Mandibular Movements; Semi-Adjustable; Temporomandibular Joint

How to cite this article: Razdan S, Bhat V,Shetty S, Kateel S B, Syed K. - Evolution of articulators,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):8.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.105

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Razdan S, Bhat V,Shetty S, Kateel S B, Syed K. - Evolution of articulators,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):8.


9. POSTER JOURNAL

Gingival retraction

Sonali Jain, Shrinkhala, Praveen Singh Samant, Nikita Sharma

Year:2021 | Month:February | Volume:10 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 169


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Perio-restorative relationship is primarily responsible for the aesthetics and longevity of restorations. The corelation of restorations with the surrounding soft tissues defines the need to consider the health of gingiva and periodontium while performing procedures1. Due to the hindrance provided by cheeks,lips and tongue, oral cavity becomes an area which is difficult to treat, If not managed properly, gingival tissue in the area of treatment bleeds which makes visualization and manipulation of instruments difficult2.

Keywords: Gingival Retraction; Gingival Displacement; Chemicomechanical Retraction; Isolation

How to cite this article: Jain S, Shrinkhala, Samant P S, Sharma N. - Gingival retraction,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):9.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.106

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Jain S, Shrinkhala, Samant P S, Sharma N. - Gingival retraction,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):9.


10. POSTER JOURNAL

Potential Benefits of Growth Factors for Bone Augmentation

Sanath Kumar Shetty, Surya Teja Chunduri, Mallikarjuna Ragher,Naresh Shetty, Uma Mayur Prabhu, Fahad Mohammed

Year:2021 | Month:February | Volume:10 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 119


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Introduction:
Lack of tissues (mucosa and bone) has always been a nightmare for an implantologist. Such situations require augmentation procedures to attain a successful implant placement and long-term survival. Common augmentation procedures followed today are socket preservation, sinus augmentation, horizontal and vertical ridge augmentation, and guided bone regeneration1. Available literature speaks of various agents for augmentation, growth factors have proven to be very successful in the formation of new bone at the defective site. These are biologically active protein molecules that control various cellular processes such as growth, proliferation, differentiation, and repair of the cells. In dentistry, only a few growth factors (GFs) have been investigated so far to understand their clinical efficacy in terms of their effect on hard and soft tissue healing and regeneration.

Keywords: Bone Augumentation; Carriers; Growth Factors; Implants; Regeneration

How to cite this article: Shetty S K, Chunduri S T, Ragher M, Shetty N, Prabhu U M, Mohhamed F. - Potential Benefits of Growth Factors for Bone Augmentation,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):10.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.107

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Shetty S K, Chunduri S T, Ragher M, Shetty N, Prabhu U M, Mohhamed F. - Potential Benefits of Growth Factors for Bone Augmentation,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):10.


11. POSTER JOURNAL

COVID-19 Deciphering the oral profile

Areeba Shahid, Shivakumar Ganiga Channaiah

Year:2021 | Month:February | Volume:10 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 148


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
COVID-19/SARS COV2 a highly contagious infection has spread exponentially across the world. It has exhibited diversification in patients being completely symptomless to suffering severe breathing problems. In a great number, the patients display altered taste and smell perception, gastrointestinal, dermatological manifestations, and chemosensory dysfunctions resulting in pyrexia, wheezing, pharyngitis, muscle pain, joint pain, cephalgia, shortness of breath, phlegm, conjunctivitis, and rashes1. Impairment (45%) in the gustation, resulting in taste disorders such as dysgeusia (altered taste) (38%), hypogeusia (reduced ability to taste) (35%) and ageusia (complete loss of taste) (24%) are the most common oral symptoms associated with it2. Associated symptoms include burning sensation, metallic taste, xerostomia, halitosis, dysphagia, Kawasaki-like symptoms, etc3.

Keywords: COVID-19; Dentist; Diagnosis; Manifestations; Oral.

How to cite this article: Shahid A, Channaiah S G. - COVID-19 Deciphering the oral profile,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):11.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.108

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Shahid A, Channaiah S G. - COVID-19 Deciphering the oral profile,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):11.


12. POSTER JOURNAL

Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Maxillo-facial Radiology

Antara Kore1, Amita Aditya, Daya K. Jangam, Shruti Patil

Year:2021 | Month:February | Volume:10 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 107


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
The advancement in science & technology has introduced different applications of artificial intelligence that are used in our daily life like Alexa & Siri1. Artificial intelligence (AI) is defined as ""the ability to achieve human level performance in cognitive tasks by computers""2. Owing to the production of digitally coded images and the subsequent ease in their translation to computer language in Maxillo-facial Radiology, AI may have lot of applicability in this field3. AI can contribute in distinguishing the anatomical structure and simulation of prospective results and hence may prove to be a valuable adjunct in providing guidance in anatomical specification as well as treatment planning and evaluation of the outcomes of the dental treatment2.

Keywords: Artificial intelligence; Clinical Decision Support System ; Radiology

How to cite this article: Kore A, Aditya A, Jangam D K, Patil S. - Applications of artificial intelligence in maxillo-facial radiology,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):12.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.109

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Kore A, Aditya A, Jangam D K, Patil S. - Applications of artificial intelligence in maxillo-facial radiology,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):12.


13. POSTER JOURNAL

Enter Digital Harnessing Technology in Orthodontics

Sarah Thomas, Mayuri Thomas

Year:2021 | Month:February | Volume:10 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 100


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
""Modern technology has become a total phenomenon for civilization, the defining force of a new social order in which efficiency is no longer an option but a necessity imposed on all human activity."" Jacques Ellul

Keywords: 3D printing, Orthodontics; Dentistry; CAD-CAM technology; Canine impactions; Surgical splints; Smile Designing; 3D virtual simulation.

How to cite this article: Thomas S, Thomas M. - Enter digital: Harnessing technology in orthodontics,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):13.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.110

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Thomas S, Thomas M. - Enter digital: Harnessing technology in orthodontics,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):13.


14. POSTER JOURNAL

Nature is the mystery, unfolding that mystery is human nature"" Biomimetic Materials-A Review

Hysum Mushtaq, Anil k Tomer, Geetika Sabharwal

Year:2021 | Month:February | Volume:10 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 101


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
Objective was to understand what is Biomimetics? We should understand that it is a strategy for converting our understanding of biological structures and functions into new synthetic pathways that imitate biological processes. In biomimetic dentistry there are 2 aspects, one the lost or missing dental tissue is rehabilitated resulting in the complete restoration of function and esthetics of tooth and the material used will regenerate, imitate or mimic the missing dental tissue. There are various materials like GIC, composite, smart dentin replacement, calcium hydroxide which are commonly used as biomimetic materials. They can be used as long-lasting aesthetic restorative materials, cements, and root repair materials, with improved biocompatibility, resilience, and safety. It is both conservative and solid, since it just replaces what is lost and replicates nature's original design1. The below are the two guiding principles: Teeth should be treated early and with proper techniques. The primary aim of Biomimetic in Restorative Dentistry is to restore complete function of all dental tissues by forming a tough tissue bond that allows for purposeful stresses to pass through2. The Bioactive materials have been developed over the past three decades from a specialized, highly biocompatibility. The key goals of bioactive material are to restore the function, appearance, and strength of the tooth. Many weakened tooth structures are removed in this process, and the unhealthy tooth structures are replaced with rigid materials. These methods and materials also reduced the longevity of restorations and deteriorated tooth systems. As a result, efforts are being made to produce materials that can rebuild dental structures and restore lost dental tissues using natural-like methods. The modulus of elasticity and structure of the respective areas (e.g., pulp, dentin, enamel, dentino-enamel junction) of a bioactive substance should be consistent with the portion of the tooth that it is replacing in many ways. Calcium hydroxide, Glass ionomer cements, Nanocomposite, Mineral Trioxide Aggregate, Biodentine, Bioaggregate, Bioactive glass, Calcium enriched microspheres are some of the components used2. Due to their biological and physico- chemical properties, possible biocompatibility with living tissues, and ability to function synergistically with body tissues, these materials have gained expanded recognition, demonstrating their repair role in removing body defects such as hard tissue failure.

Keywords: Bioactive; Biodentin; Biomimetic; Bioglass; Calcium Hydroxide; MTA.

How to cite this article: Mushtaq H, Tomer A K, Sabharwal G. - Nature is the mystery, unfolding that mystery is human nature” Biomimetic Materials- A Review,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):14.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.111

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Mushtaq H, Tomer A K, Sabharwal G. - Nature is the mystery, unfolding that mystery is human nature” Biomimetic Materials- A Review,PosterJ 2021; 10(2):14.


15. POSTER JOURNAL

Flavonoids- ""the mighty mite of herbal periodontal therapy""

Theerthika Dillibabu, Sukrit Sumant, Shashank Tangutur

Year:2021 | Month:February | Volume:10 | Number:2 | Pages No:1-2 | No. of Hits: 100


ABSTRACT

Commentary:
'Phyto' stands for plant and it means photon in Greek. Therapy is from a Latin word 'therapia' which means to treat medically. Phytotherapy is a herbal medicine in which they use the extracts from natural medicines and health promoting agents1.

Keywords: Flavonoids; herbal therapy; Periodontal; Bacterial Plaque

How to cite this article: Dillibabu T, Sumant S, Tangutur S. - Flavonoids- ""the mighty mite of herbal periodontal therapy"",PosterJ 2021; 10(2):15.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.112

Conflict of interest: None declared


How to cite this article: Dillibabu T, Sumant S, Tangutur S. - Flavonoids- ""the mighty mite of herbal periodontal therapy"",PosterJ 2021; 10(2):15.