Dental Poster Journal

Dental Poster Journal (2012), Vol 1, No.4, November-December Issue

1. Poster

Compromised Airway - A Dilemma for Dental Treatment

Bijle Mohammed Nadeem Ahmed, Shankar Gouda Patil

Year:2012 | Month:November-December | Volume:1 | Number:4 | Pages No:34 | No. of Hits: 1068


Airway-related deaths are uncommon, but respiratory complication represents the greatest cause of morbidity and mortality during the administration of general anesthesia. Differences in anatomy and physiology of the pediatric and adult airway contribute to the child’s predisposition to rapid development of airway compromise and respiratory failure. Successful management of children and adolescents with a compromised airway begins with identification of the problem through a detailed medical history and physical examination. Due to the likely fragile nature of many of these patients, and possibility of concomitant medical conditions affecting airway management, dental treatment needs pharmacological management and is best treated in a controlled setting such as the operating room, where a patent airway can be maintained.



2. Poster

‘Through the Looking Glass’ – Microsurgery in Periodontics

Sneha Anil Rajguru, Ashvini Padhye

Year:2012 | Month:November-December | Volume:1 | Number:4 | Pages No:35 | No. of Hits: 1103


The world of surgical dentistry has seen a paradigm shift over the past several years due to a therapeutic revolution which aims not only for reducing morbidity but also endeavors to preserve the maximum amount of function coupled with enhanced patient comfort. Periodontics has witnessed increasing refinements in procedures such as guided tissue regeneration, cosmetic crown lengthening, gingival augmentation, osseous resection and dental implants that demands clinical expertise. They challenge the technical skills of periodontists to the limit of and beyond the range of visual acuity and these demands are met only by minimally invasive microsurgical approach that has broadened the horizons of periodontics.
The world of surgical dentistry has seen a paradigm shift over the past several years due to a therapeutic revolution which aims not only for reducing morbidity but also endeavors to preserve the maximum amount of function coupled with enhanced patient comfort. Periodontics has witnessed increasing refinements in procedures such as guided tissue regeneration, cosmetic crown lengthening, gingival augmentation, osseous resection and dental implants that demands clinical expertise. They challenge the technical skills of periodontists to the limit of and beyond the range of visual acuity and these demands are met only by minimally invasive microsurgical approach that has broadened the horizons of periodontics.
The objective of this e-poster is to give an insight into the exquisite world of microsurgical periodontics, various magnification systems, armamentarium for microsurgery and its wide array of clinical application in periodontics.



3. Poster

T-LOOP

Sachin Kumar Jaiswal, Ram Autar, Shantanu Khattri

Year:2012 | Month:November-December | Volume:1 | Number:4 | Pages No:36 | No. of Hits: 1114


Orthodontists accomplish space closure in different ways, depending on diagnosis and treatment plan. Frictionless space closure systems are superior to those systems which introduce friction as a means of space closure. T-LOOP is one of the most versatile space closure system available. This was developed by Charles Burstone in 1962 and is used extensively for segmental space closure, anterior retraction, symmetric space closure, posterior protraction and en-masse space closure. It produces higher M/F ratio, low modulus of elasticity, generates low force and high range of action.The effect of steps, angles, and vertical forces are combined to produce an ideal T-loop design that generates a more determinate force system. The force system produced by a T-loop consists of several components: viz a and ß moments, horizontal and vertical forces. Keywords: T- Loop, Space closure, moment to force ratio, a and ß moments. How to cite this article: Jaswal SK , Autar R, Khatiri S. T-Loop. Dent Poster J 2012;1(4):3. Source of support: Nil. Conflict of interest: None declared.



4. Poster

How do Orthodontic Appliances work?

Manish Sahu

Year:2012 | Month:November-December | Volume:1 | Number:4 | Pages No:37 | No. of Hits: 1303


The design of efficient orthodontic appliances is based on sound biologic and physical principles that lead to the development of appliances with predictable actions. Orthodontists should be able to define and quantify what biomechanical engineers call the forces, moments, couples, and equilibriums associated with appliances to analyze the reaction of dentofacial structures to orthodontic or orthopaedic forces. Factors that are within the control of the clinician are the magnitude, direction and duration of the forces, couples, moments, and the moment-to-force ratio exerted by an appliance. Appliances in orthodontics are analogous to drugs in medicine in that both require an accurate diagnosis to define the right therapeutics for achievement of clearly defined treatment goals. To facilitate the understanding of the effects of complex forces and magnitudes generated by orthodontic appliances, this presentation illustrates the “biomechanical principles” with respect to various methods of orthodontic therapy. Keywords: Biomechanics, moment to force ratio, orthodontic tooth movement. How to cite this article: Sahu M. How do Orthodontic Appliances work? Dent Poster J 2012;1(4):4. Source of support: Nil. Conflict of interest: None declared.



5. Poster

Advance Digital Imaging Systems in Dentistry – Present Aspects

Chandan Dhingra, Siddharth Srivastava, Richa Anand

Year:2012 | Month:November-December | Volume:1 | Number:4 | Pages No:38 | No. of Hits: 1086


Since the discovery of X rays in 1895, X ray film has been the primary medium for capturing, displaying and storing radiographic images. But now, we have reached from the era of two dimensional imaging to three dimensional imaging. Digital imaging has become an indispensable diagnostic tool for many dentists in daily practice. Various digital imaging modalities are available today. Recent improvements in digital imaging systems have introduced many potential benefits. Instantaneous generation of high-resolution digital images; manipulation or processing of the captured image for enhanced diagnostic performance; lack of need to reexpose patients for potential retakes; lower dose; ease of archiving, transmission, and long-distance consultation; lower turnaround times; reduction in time between exposure and image interpretation; and digita documentation of patient records are some of the advantages. The future of digital imaging is bright. The technology is now available to run a practice almost paper free. It is theoretically possible to store clinical notes photographs, radiographs, and study models on disc, and refer or consult online. It is important that advances in technology are accepted and the benefits that they produce are utilized in order that clinical practice and patient care continue to improve. The advent of 3D imaging has provided dentists with tools that were not available to the clinician before, and facilitated interactive image manipulation and enhancement to visualize the area of interest as a 3D volume. Lack of distortion, magnification, artifacts associated with conventional radiography, and the relative low radiation dose in comparison with digital imaging systems will result in mor clinicians adopting such technology to enable accurate diagnoses and treatment planning, in addition to long-term follow-up and evaluation of healing.



6. Poster

Aerosol Contamination – A Hazard to Dentists

Sruthy Prathap, Prathap M S

Year:2012 | Month:November-December | Volume:1 | Number:4 | Pages No:39 | No. of Hits: 991


Aerosols and droplets are produced during many dental procedures. With the advent of the droplet-spread disease, severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS, a review of the infection control procedures for aerosols is warranted. Aerosols containing microbes from the oral cavity of the patient are created intensively when using modern high-speed rotating instruments and ultrasonic scalers in dentistry. Aerosols and splatters usually contain microorganisms like bacteria, fungi and and viruses. How far these aerosols spread and what level of contamination they cause in the dental surgery has become a growing concern among the practitioners. Insufficient awareness of health risk, working habits, and economic factors are the reasons why dentists do not apply the available and recommended methods of protection against the influence of bioaerosol and splatter. This poster reviews the hazards of bioaerosol and splatter in dentistry and the full range of protective barrier measures required during dental treatment.



7. Poster

Dyskeratosis Congenita - A Sporadic Case

Rashmi Maruti Hosalkar, Shilpa Patel, Jigna Pathak, Niharika Swain

Year:2012 | Month:November-December | Volume:1 | Number:4 | Pages No:40 | No. of Hits: 1294


Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a multisystem inherited syndrome exhibiting marked clinical and genetic heterogeneity. In its classic form, it is characterised by a triad of dystrophic nails, reticular skin pigmentation andmucosal leukoplakia. The affected patients often present with haematological, ophthal-mological, dermatological and neurological features with a marked tendency for spontaneous malignant transformation.Dyskeratosis congenita presents three modes of inheritance; X-linked recessive, autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant of which, X-linked recessive is the most common and thus results in a striking male predilection. However, a sufficient number of sporadic cases due to unidentified mutations have also been reported.
Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a multisystem inherited syndrome exhibiting marked clinical and genetic heterogeneity. In its classic form, it is characterised by a triad of dystrophic nails, reticular skin pigmentation andmucosal leukoplakia. The affected patients often present with haematological, ophthal-mological, dermatological and neurological features with a marked tendency for spontaneous malignant transformation.Dyskeratosis congenita presents three modes of inheritance; X-linked recessive, autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant of which, X-linked recessive is the most common and thus results in a striking male predilection. However, a sufficient number of sporadic cases due to unidentified mutations have also been reported.